Output Gap Calculator


In the realm of economics, understanding the concept of the output gap is crucial for policymakers and analysts alike. The output gap represents the difference between actual and potential GDP, providing insights into the state of an economy. Developing a tool like the Output Gap Calculator facilitates quick and accurate calculations, aiding in decision-making processes.

How to Use

To utilize the Output Gap Calculator effectively, input the actual GDP and potential GDP values into the designated fields. Then, click the “Calculate” button to obtain the output gap result. This tool streamlines the process, offering a convenient solution for determining the output gap of an economy.


The formula for calculating the output gap is:

Output Gap=Actual GDP−Potential GDP

Example Solve

Suppose the actual GDP is $20 trillion, and the potential GDP is $18 trillion. By applying the formula:

Output Gap=$20 trillion−$18 trillion=$2 trillion

Thus, the output gap in this scenario would be $2 trillion.


What does the output gap signify?

The output gap indicates the variance between an economy’s actual performance and its maximum potential output. A positive output gap suggests an overheated economy, while a negative gap implies underutilization of resources.

Why is the output gap important?

Understanding the output gap helps policymakers gauge the health of an economy and implement appropriate measures. It guides monetary and fiscal policies aimed at stabilizing economic growth and minimizing cyclical fluctuations.

Can the output gap be negative?

Yes, a negative output gap occurs when actual GDP falls below potential GDP. This situation typically signifies an economic downturn or recession.


The Output Gap Calculator serves as a valuable tool for economists, policymakers, and analysts to assess the state of an economy quickly and accurately. By simplifying the calculation process, it facilitates informed decision-making and enhances economic understanding.

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